(1) The Wedding of the Messiah (2)
The Feast of Trumpets
(1) Rosh HaShanah: The Wedding of the Messiah
by Eddie Chumney, Hebraic Heritage Newsgroup
The Bible is a marriage covenant. Both the Tanach (Old Testament)
and the Brit Hadashah (New Testament) describe how G-d through
the Mashiach (Messiah), the Bridegroom, is in the process of
marrying His bride, the believers in Him who will ultimately
live and dwell with Him forever.
G-d ordained and established marriage and its divine sanctity
in the Torah, the very first book of the Bible, Genesis (Bereishit),
when He brought Adam and Eve together to become one flesh (Genesis
2:21-24). In doing so, we have a vivid foreshadowing of the Messiah
being married to those who would believe upon Him. Let's examine
Adam is a type of the Messiah Yeshua. Adam was made after
the likeness of Yeshua (Romans 5:14). Yeshua (Jesus) was made
in the likeness of Adam (Philippians 2:8). In fact, Yeshua is
called the last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45-47). In Genesis 2:21,
G-d had a deep sleep fall upon Adam. Sleep is synonymous with
death (Daniel 12:2; John [Yochanan] 11:11-14; 1 Corinthians 15:51-54;
Ephesians 5:14). The deep sleep that G-d caused to fall upon
Adam is a picture of the crucifixion and death of Yeshua, as
Messiah ben Joseph. G-d brought a deep sleep upon Adam so He
could take a rib from the side of his flesh. This required the
shedding of blood. This is a picture of Yeshua who was pierced
in the side of His flesh, shedding His own blood when He hung
on the tree (John [Yochanan] 19:34).
From the rib of Adam, G-d made Eve. Likewise, by the death
of Yeshua and faith (emunah) in Him, G-d established the assembly
of believers known in Hebrew as the kehilat. The believers in
the Messiah, His bride, become wedded to Him by faith (emunah).
This marriage can be seen in the Tanach (Old Testament) as well
as in Jeremiah 23:5-6, as it is written, .... this is His name
whereby He shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS"
(Jeremiah [Yermiyahu] 23:6). In Jeremiah 33:15-16, it is written,
"...this is the name wherewith she shall be called, THE
LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS" (Jeremiah [Yermiyahu] 33:16). So
from these passages in Jeremiah, we can see that a wedding is
taking place. Therefore, by accepting, trusting, and believing
in the Messiah, the bride of Messiah, His followers, become one
with Him. These people would include both Jew and non-Jews who
have lived since Adam and would include Noah, Abraham, Isaac,
Jacob, Moses, David, and Solomon as well as the prophets.
G-d gave the wedding customs, service, and ceremonies to the
Jewish people (Romans 3:2; 9:4) to teach us about the Messiah
Yeshua (Colossians 2:16-17). With this in mind, let's examine
the biblical wedding ceremony that G-d gave to the Jewish people.
The ancient Jewish wedding ceremony G-d gave to the Jewish people
to teach us about the wedding of the Messiah consisted of 12
1. The selection of the bride
The bride was usually chosen by the father of the bridegroom.
The father would send his trusted servant, known as the agent
of the father, to search out the bride. An excellent example
of this can be seen in Genesis 24. In this chapter, Abraham (a
type of G-d the Father) wishes to secure a bride for Isaac (a
type of Messiah) and sends his servant Eliezer (a type of the
Holy Spirit [Ruach HaKodesh]) to do this task (Genesis [Bereishit
24:2-4; 15:2). It is the role of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh)
to convict the world of sin and lead them to G-d (John [Yochanan]
16:7-8). Just as the bride was usually chosen by the father of
the bridegroom, so the believers in the Messiah are chosen by
G-d (John [Yochanan] 15:16). The bridegroom chose the bride and
lavished his love upon her and she returned his love. This can
be seen in Ephesians 5:25, as it is written, "Husbands,
love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave
Himself of it." In Genesis (Bereishit) 24, Rebekah (Rivkah)
consented to marry Isaac (Yitzchak) even before she ever met
him. Today, the believers in the Messiah Yeshua consent to become
the bride of Messiah even though we have never seen Him. First
Peter (Kefa) 1:8 speaks of this, as it is written, "Whom
having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see Him not,
yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory."
2. A bride price was established
A price would have to be paid for the bride. The agreed upon
price was called a mohar in Hebrew. Yeshua, being our bridegroom,
paid a very high price for His bride, the body of believers.
The price He paid was His life. Yeshua considered the price He
had to pay for His bride before His death as He went into the
Garden of Gethsemane to pray in Matthew (Mattityahu) 26:39, as
it is written, "And He went a little farther, and fell on
His face, and prayed, saying, O My Father, if it be possible,
let this cup pass from Me: nevertheless not as I will, but as
Thou wilt." Yeshua was, in essence, saying, "Father,
You have chosen this bride and I have agreed to the terms, but
do you realize the price that is being asked for her?" Our
mohar, our bride price, was His life. First Peter (Kefa) 1:18-19
says, "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with
corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation
received by tradition from your fathers; but with the precious
blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot."
In First Corinthians 6:20 it is written, "For ye are bought
with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your
spirit, which are God's."
3. The bride and groom are betrothed to each other
This is the first stage of marriage known as kiddushin. I
have spoken at length of betrothal in Chapter 6, concerning Shavuot.
Remember, betrothal is the first of two steps in the marriage
process. Betrothal in Hebrew is known as erusin or kiddushin.
Betrothal legally binds the bride and the groom together in a
marriage contract, except they do not physically live together.
Historically, G-d betrothed Himself to Israel at Mount Sinai
(Jeremiah 2:2; Hosea 2:19-20). Whenever you accept the Messiah
into your heart and life, you become betrothed to Him while living
on the earth.
4. A written document is drawn up, known as a ketubah.
This betrothal contract is called, in Hebrew, a shitre erusin
The ketubah is the marriage contract that states the bride
price, the promises of the groom, and the rights of the bride.
The word ketubah means "that which is written." The
groom promised to work for her, to honor, support, and maintain
her in truth, to provide food, clothing, and necessities, and
to live together with her as husband and wife. The ketubah was
the unalienable right of the bride. The ketubah must be executed
and signed prior to the wedding ceremony. The Bible is the believer's
ketubah. All the promises that G-d provided for the believers
in the Messiah are legally ours, as it is written in Second Corinthians
1:20, "For all the promises of God in Him are yea, and in
5. The bride must give her consent
As we saw in Chapter 6, which dealt with Shavuot (Pentecost),
G-d betrothed Himself to Israel at Mount Sinai as stated in Jeremiah
2:2. Israel consented to the marriage proposal from G-d and said,
"I do," as it is written in Exodus (Shemot) 24:3. Likewise,
the personal application (halacha) to those who desire the Messiah
to come into their hearts and lives is to accept His invitation
to do so by faith (emunah), as it is written in Romans 10:8-10:
What, then, does it say? The Word is near you in your mouth
and in your heart: that is the word about trust [emunah] which
we proclaim, namely, that if you acknowledge publicly with your
mouth that Yeshua is Lord and trust in your heart that God raised
him from the dead, you will be delivered. For with the heart
one goes on trusting and thus continues toward righteousness,
while with the mouth one keeps on making public acknowledgments
and thus continues toward deliverance (Romans 10:8-10 Jewish
New Testament Version).
So, even today, to become the bride of Messiah you must still
say "I do" to Him.
6. Gifts were given to the bride and a cup called the cup
of the covenant was shared between the bride and the groom
The rite of betrothal (erusin) is completed when the groom
gives something of value to the bride and she accepts it. The
gift most often given today is the ring. When the groom places
the ring on the bride's finger, the rite of betrothal is completed.
This completed rite is known in Hebrew as kiddushin, which means
The gifts to the bride are symbols of love, commitment, and
loyalty. The gift G-d gives to those who accept the Messiah is
the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) (John [Yochanan] 14:26; 15:26-27;
Acts 2:38; 2 Corinthians 1:21-22). When Yeshua ascended to Heaven,
He gave gifts to men (Ephesians 4:7-8). These gifts included
righteousness (Romans 5:17-18), eternal life (Romans 6:23), grace
(Romans 5:12,14-15), faith (Ephesians 2:8-9), and other spiritual
gifts (1 Corinthians 12:1,4). These included wisdom, knowledge,
healing, the working of miracles, prophecy, the discerning of
spirits, tongues, and interpretation of tongues (1 Corinthians
12:8-11), as well as the gifts of helps and administration (1
In addition, at this time the cup of the covenant was shared
and sealed between the bride and the groom with the drinking
of wine. In doing so, the couple drinks from a common cup. The
cup is first given to the groom to sip, and then is given to
the bride. This cup, known as the cup of the covenant, is spoken
of in Jeremiah 31:31-33, as it is written:
Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a
new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers
in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of
the land of Egypt; which My covenant they brake, although I was
an husband unto them, saith the Lord: but this shall be the covenant
that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days,
saith the Lord, I will put My law in their inward parts, and
write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall
be My people (Jeremiah [Yermiyahu] 31:31-33).
Yeshua spoke of the cup of the New Covenant (Brit Hadashah)
in Luke 22:20.
7. The bride had a mikvah (water immersion), which is a
ritual of cleansing
Mikvah is a Hebrew word that means "pool" or "body
of water." Mikvah is a ceremonial act of purification by
the immersion in water. It indicates a separation from a former
way to a new way. In the case of marriage, it indicates leaving
an old life for a new life with your spouse (Genesis [Bereishit]
2:23-24; Ephesians 5:31). Immersing in the mikvah is considered
spiritual rebirth. The reason is that a mikvah has the power
to change a person completely. Concerning the marriage to Israel
at Mount Sinai, G-d said in Ezekiel 16:8-9, as it is written,
"...I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with
thee... and thou becamest Mine. Then washed I thee with water...."
The washing, or immersion, here refers to that of Israel before
the people received the Torah when G-d betrothed Himself to Israel
at Mount Sinai (Exodus [Shemot] 19:14-15). Yeshua spoke to the
Pharisee, Nicodemus (Nakdimon), that he must be born anew (immersed)
to enter into the Kingdom of G-d (John [Yochanan] 3:1-7). The
believers in the Messiah are to be immersed in the name of Yeshua
(Acts 19:4). The Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) is the immerser
of G-d (Luke 3:16; Acts 1:5; 11:15-16).
8. The bridegroom departed, going back to his father's
house to prepare the bridal chamber
At this point, the bridegroom leaves for his father's house
to prepare the bridal chamber for his bride. It was understood
to be the man's duty to go away to be with his father, build
a house, and prepare for the eventual wedding. Before he goes,
though, he will make a statement to the bride. "I go to
prepare a place for you; if I go, I will return again unto you."
This is the same statement Yeshua made in John (Yochanan) 14:1-3
before He went to His father's house in Heaven, as it is written:
Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe
also in Me. In My Fathers' house are many mansions: if it were
not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.
And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and
receive you unto Myself that where I am, there ye may be also
(John [Yochanan] 14:1-3).
9. The bride was consecrated and set apart for a period
of time while the bridegroom was away building the house
Before the bridegroom could go and get the bride, the groom's
father had to be satisfied that every preparation had been made
by the son. Only then could he give permission to the son to
go and get the bride. In other words, while the bridegroom was
working on the bridal chamber, it was the father who "okayed"
the final bridal chamber. The bridegroom did not know when his
father would declare the bridal chamber fit and send him to go
get his bride. This is exactly what Yeshua was referring to in
Meanwhile, the bride was to wait eagerly for the return of
the bridegroom. In the mind of the bride, the bridegroom could
come at any time, even in the middle of the night or at midnight.
Therefore, she had to be ready at all times. Yeshua referred
to this in Mark 13:32-37 and Matthew 25:1-13. While waiting for
her bridegroom to come, the bride had to have thought to herself,
"Is he really coming back for me? Is he really going to
keep his word?" This was the thought that Peter (Kefa) answered
in Second Peter 3:1-13.
10. The bridegroom would return with a shout, "Behold,
the bridegroom comes" and the sound of the ram's horn (shofar)
would be blown
The time of the return of the bridegroom was usually at midnight.
When the bridegroom did come, he came with a shout (Matthew 25:6)
and with the blowing of a shofar (trumpet) (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17;
Revelation 4:1). The marriage between the bride and the groom
will take place under the chupah or wedding canopy. Since Heaven
is a type of chupah, we can see that when Yeshua gives a shout
for His bride, accompanied by the blowing of a shofar (trumpet),
the marriage between Yeshua and His bride will take place in
The marriage ceremony will have a sacred procession. For this
reason, the bridegroom (Yeshua) will be led to the chupah first.
When the bridegroom approaches the chupah, the cantor chants,
"Blessed is he who comes." "Blessed is he who
comes" is an idiomatic expression meaning "welcome."
Yeshua said that He would not return for His bride until these
words were said (Matthew 23:39). The groom is greeted like a
king under the chupah. During this time Yeshua, the bridegroom,
will be crowned King under the chupah, which is Heaven.
11. He would abduct his bride, usually in the middle of
the night, to go to the bridal chamber where the marriage would
be consummated. This is the full marriage, known in Hebrew as
The bride and groom will go to the wedding chamber, or chadar
in Hebrew, where the marriage will be consummated. They will
stay in that wedding chamber for seven days, or a week. At the
end of the seven days, the bride and groom will come out from
the wedding chamber. This can be seen in Joel 2:16.
The word week in Hebrew is shavuah. It means a "seven."
It can mean seven days or seven years. An example of the Hebrew
word for week (shavuah) meaning seven years can be found in Daniel
9:24, as it is written, "Seventy weeks [shavuah, 490 years]
are determined upon thy people..." and in 9:27, "And
he [the false Messiah known as the antichrist] shall confirm
the covenant with many for one week [shavuah, seven years]...."
The week referred to in Daniel 9:27 is known to Bible believers
as the tribulation period. The Jewish people understand this
time to be the birthpangs of the Messiah known in Hebrew eschatology
as the Chevlai shel Mashiach. This is taken from Jeremiah 30:5-7.
From this we can see that the believers in the Messiah will be
with the Messiah in Heaven for His wedding while the earth will
be experiencing the seven-year tribulation period, or the Chevlai
shel Mashiach, in Hebrew.
12. Finally, there would be a marriage supper for all the
guests invited by the father of the bride
The bride and the groom would be in the wedding chamber for
seven days. When the bride and the groom initially went into
the wedding chamber, the friend of the bridegroom stood outside
the door. All the assembled guests of the wedding gathered outside,
waiting for the friend of the bride-groom to announce the consummation
of the marriage, which was relayed to him by the groom. John
(Yochanan) the Immerser (Baptist) referred to this in John 3:29.
At this signal, great rejoicing broke forth (John 3:29). The
marriage was consummated on the first night (Genesis [Bereishit]
29:23). The bloodstained linen from this night was preserved.
It was proof of the bride's virginity (Deuteronomy [Devarim]
On the wedding day, the bridegroom is seen as a king and the
bride as a queen. During the consummation of the marriage, the
bridegroom (Yeshua) will be crowned King over all the earth and
the bride (the believers in Yeshua, the Messiah) will live with
Him and rule with Him forever. The crowning of the King and the
marriage can be seen in Isaiah 62:3-7. At the end of the week
(seven-year tribulation, or birthpangs of the Messiah), the marriage
supper will take place. The marriage supper will not take place
in Heaven. After the marriage, the bride and Groom will return
to earth. The marriage supper will be taking place on earth and
only the invited guests of the Father of the Groom (G-d the Father)
will be present at the banquet meal. This can be seen in Revelation
19:7-16 and 20:4. Yeshua spoke of the marriage supper and the
banquet in Luke 12:35-38 and Matthew 8:11. The wedding supper
is a theme of the festival of Sukkot, which will be discussed
further in a later chapter. During Sukkot, the people were instructed
by G-d to build a temporary shelter. One of the things G-d instructed
the people to do is eat there. When they eat, they are to set
a plate for seven different people. Among the seven whom a plate
is set for are Abraham (Avraham), Isaac (Yitzchak), and Jacob
(Ya'akov). This is what Yeshua was referring to in Matthew 8:11.
The unbelievers in the Messiah will attend a separate banquet
where the fowls of the air will eat their flesh. This can be
seen in Revelation 19:17-18.
The home of the bride was Jerusalem and it was the bridegroom
who came to the bride to dwell with her. It is from Jerusalem
that the believers in the Messiah during the Messianic age, or
Millennium, will reign with the Messiah. This can be seen in
Revelation 21:1-3; Ezekiel 43:1-2,7; Isaiah 2:2-4; Micah 4:1-5;
and Zechariah 2:l0-12.
In concluding this section on the wedding, whenever anyone
hears the message of the basar (gospel), it is a wedding proposal
by G-d to accept Him and be a part of His bride. G-d desires
that we accept His invitation and give Him our response of "I
do." In fact, Revelation 22:20 is a proposal by Yeshua Himself
to accept Him and be a part of His bride. His message in this
verse is "Come." Will you say, "I do" to
the Messiah's proposal to you?
(2) Rosh HaShanah - The Feast of Trumpets
by Patrick Flanigan
We find in Leviticus 23 that the Festivals of the Lord
were appointed times established as yearly rehearsals that taught
both historically and prophetically the whole plan of God concerning
the coming of Messiah and the redemption of man. The first four
feasts have been fulfilled and we celebrate them historically.
They are Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits and the Feast
of Weeks or Pentecost. These four Spring Feasts are considered
to be an interrelated whole where Pentecost is the completion
of the process begun at Passover.
Looking at the table below, it is significant that the events
that are associated with those feasts are considered a unit and
are quite distinctive from the Fall Feasts. The last three feasts;
Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles are celebrated in the Fall
season and are yet to be fulfilled so they remain prophetic in
Rosh HaShanah is the fifth of seven feasts and it begins the
High Holy Days or the Days of Awe. We know that from the time
of the rapture to the end of the tribulation will certainly be
days of awe! The final seven days in the Days of Awe correspond
prophetically to the time of Jacob's trouble or the tribulation.
The final three feasts are Trumpets (Rosh HaShanah), Atonement
(Yom Kippur), and Tabernacles. Prophetically, the feast of Trumpets
is tied to the coming rapture of the church. Yom Kippur will
find its prophetic fulfillment when all Israel is saved at the
end of the tribulation. Tabernacles will find its prophetic fulfillment
when God once again tabernacles or dwells in the midst of His
people at beginning of the millennial reign.
Below is a table where the Feasts are listed with their messianic
Death of Jesus Christ
Burial of Jesus Christ
Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)
The outpouring of the Holy Spirit
The resurrection of the righteous dead and rapture of the church
The Second Coming
The Messianic Era
There are four months that separate the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)
or the Spring Feasts unit from the Fall Feasts. Historically,
it seems that the last two thousand years have been relatively
quiet prophetically. That is changing significantly and has been
since this century began. I believe that we are entering the
season of the Fall Feasts. The month prior to the High Holy Days
is called Elul and is used to call people to repentance and to
prepare to enter the Days of Awe. There is a growing sense of
the approaching Days of Awe on a worldwide scale and many are
getting serious about God and personal holiness.
The Feast of Trumpets will soon find its prophetic fulfillment.
Why do we associate the Feast of Trumpets with the rapture of
The Hebrew name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom Teruah or the day
of the awakening blast. Following are the Days of Awe. This in
itself presents a strong case for a pre tribulation rapture.
The coronation of the King, the resurrection of the dead, the
joy of the Messianic kingdom, and the wedding of the Messiah
are among the many themes associated with Rosh HaShanah. A strong
theme associated with Teruah is to "awake." Teruah
can also be translated "shout". These themes are reminiscent
of 1Thessalonians 4: 15-17,
"According to the Lord's own word, we tell you that
we who are still alive, who are left till the coming of the Lord,
will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. For
the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command,
with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of
God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who
are still alive and are left will be caught up together with
them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will
be with the Lord forever."
This passage is filled with Hebrew idioms that are expressly
associated with Rosh HaShanah, the Feast of Trumpets and therefore
this passage lends itself as cultural evidence that Rosh HaShanah
will be the appointed day of the rapture of the church and the
resurrection of the dead.
Since a significant theme of Rosh HaShanah is that of the
wedding of the Messiah, let us now examine the ancient customs
associated with the Jewish wedding ceremony to see if there are
practices that correspond with many themes of this festival.
Prior to the actual betrothal (a serious legal transaction),
the woman indicated the acceptance of the man's proposal of marriage
by drinking a cup of wine. This is why Jesus passed the cup of
wine at the Last Supper. When we drink the wine of communion
we are accepting Him as our future groom. We are to remember
Him, and not prostitute ourselves and soil our wedding garments.
The man would then pay a bride price. Jesus paid for us with
His life. The man would then give his betrothed gifts. Jesus
gave us the Holy Spirit. The man would then leave for a period
of one to two years to go build a place for us - a wedding chamber.
Note that 1000 years is like a day to the Lord. Within 2 days
or 2000 years Jesus will return for His bride! Upon completion
of the wedding chamber, the bridegroom goes to get his bride
at midnight with a host of people with him both shouting and
blowing the shofar. He takes the bride to the wedding chamber.
Notice that the bride is taken from her familiar surroundings
to a place she has never been - the home of the bridegroom. They
would immediately go to the marriage supper and then enter the
bridal chamber for a period of seven days to consummate the marriage.
Rosh HaShanah is also known as the Day of our Concealment. Note
that the seven days that we are concealed within the bridal chamber
correspond with the seven years of tribulation that will be unleashed
by God the Father upon an unbelieving world. Notice again the
strong evidence for a pre tribulation rapture based on the Jewish
wedding ceremony. When the seven days are completed, we will
return with Jesus and then Yom Kippur and Tabernacles will find
their prophetic fulfillment.
One final word concerning Rosh HaShanah: Many people believe
that we "will not know the day or the hour of His appearing".
They fail to realize, however, that this phrase taken from Matthew
24:36 is an actual common Hebrew idiom for Rosh HaShanah. Jesus'
audience fully understood that what Jesus was saying was "I
will come again on Rosh HaShanah at some point in the future".
It would be like saying in America, "I'll see you again
when we gather together to exchange presents." We automatically
know that we are referring to Christmas. In like manner, we can
expect to see our Messiah on some future Rosh HaShanah.
I believe that all end time events are divinely planned and
are not occurring randomly. Furthermore, I believe that the rapture
will occur at an appointed time and God has revealed to us what
the appointed times were and are in Leviticus 23 in His Festivals.
I believe that we will, on some Rosh HaShanah, hear the awakening
blast of the shofar and the shout of the archangel and we will
dwell intimately in the presence of our Savior while the Days
of Awe are unleashed upon the earth.